Department of Criminal Justice

Current Faculty

Gisela Bichler, Professor
B.A. 1994, Simon Frazier University
M.A. 1996, Ph.D. 2000, Rutgers University
Christine N. Famega, Professor
B.A. 1993, University of Manitoba
M.A. 1996, Minot State University
Ph.D. 2003, University of Cincinnati
Shuryo Fujita, Assistant Professor
B.S. 2000, Southeast Missouri State University
M.A. 2003, California State University, San Bernardino
Ph.D. 2011, Rutgers-State University of New Jersey
Larry K. Gaines, Professor
B.S. 1971, M.S. 1972, Eastern Kentucky University
Ph.D. 1975, Sam Houston State University
Janine Kremling, Professor
B.A. 2001, University of Leipzig
M.A. 2004, Ph.D. 2010, University of South Florida
Brian Levin, Professor
B.A. 1989, University of Pennsylvania
J.D. 1992, Stanford Law School
Matthew Logan, Assistant Professor
B.A. 2009, University of Western Ontario
M.A. 2011, University of Western Ontario
Ph.D. 2015, University of Cincinnati
Nerea Marteache, Associate Professor
B.A. 2002, ESADE University of Spain
B.A. 2008, University of Barcelona
M.A. 2006, University of Barcelona
M.A. 2010, Rutgers School of Criminal Justice
Ph.D. 2013, Rutgers School of Criminal Justice
Alexis Norris, Assistant Professor
B.A. 2005, Hampton University
M.A. 2008, Ph.D. 2014, Michigan State University, Lansing
Deborah A. Parsons, Associate Professor, Assistant Dean
B.A. 1990, University of California, Irvine
M.S. 1992, California State University, Long Beach
Ph.D. 1996, University of California, Irvine
Zachary Powell, Assistant Professor
B.S. 2012, University of North Texas
M.S. 2015, The University of Texas at Dallas
Ph.D. 2018, The University of Texas at Dallas
John Reitzel, Associate Professor
B.A. 2001, SUNY, Cortland
M.A. 2003, Ph.D. 2006, University of Florida, Gainsville
Andrea Schoepfer, Professor, Chair
B.A. 2001, M.A. 2004, Ph.D. 2007, University of Florida
Pamela J. Schram, Professor, Associate Dean
B.S. 1988, Loyola University of Chicago
M.A. 1990, Rutgers University
Ph.D. 1996, Michigan State University
Douglas Weiss, Assistant Professor
B.S. 2002, Illinois Institute of Technology
M.A. 2008, University of Southern Carolina
Ph.D. 2014, University of Maryland

Emeriti

Frances Coles, Professor
Lee W. Hanson
Beverly L. Hendricks
Martha Kazlo
David Shichor, Professor
Franklin P. Williams III, Professor

Criminal Justice Courses

CJUS 1101. Introduction to the Criminal Justice System. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: Must be declared major or minor in criminal justice or social work. Quarter Prerequisite: Must be declared major or minor in criminal justice or social work
A descriptive overview of the adult and juvenile justice system, from the commission of crimes and offenses through sentencing and appeal procedures. Criminal justice standards and goals and the relationship of the social and behavioral sciences to criminal justice will be emphasized. Formally offered as CJUS 101.

CJUS 1102. Criminal Law. Units: 3

Historical development of criminal law and its contemporary application. Focus on the interrelationship between criminal law and the criminal justice system. Formerly offered as CJUS 102.

CJUS 1106. Criminal Investigations. Units: 3

Examination of crime, evidence, and police procedures in investigating crimes such as conventional street crime, organized crime, and white collar crime. Formerly offered as CJUS 106.

CJUS 3311. Research Methods in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better and completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements must be fulfilled. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 320 with a grade of C- or better and completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements must be fulfilled
Introduction to scientific methodology and research designs used to conduct basic and applied research in the criminal justice field. Emphasis on scientific operationalization, survey methodology, and concepts of evaluation design. Formerly offered as CJUS 311.

CJUS 3312. Statistics in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3311 and MATH 1301 or MATH 1101 or equivalent and completion of Pre-Major requirements. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 311 and MATH 110 or MATH 115 or equivalent and completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements must be fulfilled
Introduction to statistical reasoning and social science statistics commonly used in criminal justice. Includes descriptive, inferential, and predictive statistics, with emphasis on calculation and interpretation. Formerly offered as CJUS 312.

CJUS 3320. Theories of Crime and Delinquency. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 1101 and CJUS 1102 with grade "C" or better and must be a declared Criminal Justice major or minor. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 101 and CJUS 102 with grade "C" or better and must be a declared Criminal Justice major or minor
Traces the evolution of theoretical criminology as a scientific discipline with focus on measurement, patterns, causes, and social explanations of criminal and deviant behaviors. Formerly offered as CJUS 320.

CJUS 3330. Correctional Theory and Institutions. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better; completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements; declared Criminal Justice major/minor. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 320 with a grade of C- or better and completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements must be fulfilled
History and theory of punishment; overview of history of correctional institutions; analysis and evaluation of contemporary institutional corrections; consideration of research concerning correctional institutions. Formerly offered as CJUS 330.

CJUS 3340. Police and Police Systems. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better and completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements must be fulfilled. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 320 with a grade of C- or better and completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements must be fulfilled
Analysis of: police, police systems, and the police role; limitations imposed on law enforcement in a democratic society in accordance with the Constitution; problems affecting crime control: and the interdependence of police and community. Formerly offered as CJUS 340.

CJUS 3350. Intelligence & Crime Analysis 1. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 1101 and CJUS 1102. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 320
Overview of current and developing technologies used by law enforcement to enhance officer safety, control crowds, and prevent crime. Topics may include: tactical weapons, body cameras, LED incapacitators, drones, GPS tracking, license plate readers, facial recognition systems, cyber investigation tools, and social media. Special emphasis on the functionality, strength, and problems associated with emerging technologies. Formerly offered as CJUS 375.

CJUS 3354. Victimology. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 320
Victim role, criminal-victim relationships, and societal reaction to victimization, including crisis-intervention centers, court related victim/ witness services, restitution and compensation. Formerly offered as CJUS 354.

CJUS 3370. Law and the Courts. Units: 3

Nature, functions, limitations and objectives of law, criminal courts, civil courts, the grand jury and petit jury, family law, and civil liability for police and correctional officers. Emphasis on practical legal problems confronting criminal justice system workers and administrators. Formerly offered as CJUS 370.

CJUS 3470. Crime Prevention. Units: 3

Analysis of criminal acts as events, focusing on their patterns and how they can be prevented. This course examines topics such as problem oriented policing, situational crime prevention, crime analysis, environmental criminology, crime risks, and crime prevention through environmental design. Formerly offered as CJUS 470.

CJUS 4430. Correctional Administration. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3330 or equivalent. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 330 or equivalent
In-depth study of the administration and management of correctional agencies. Emphasis on organizational structure, functions and behavioral processes. Formerly offered as CJUS 430.

CJUS 4431. Community Corrections. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3330 or equivalent. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 330
Issues and trends in community based corrections; alternatives to incarceration including diversion, restitution, community treatment facilities, halfway houses, probation and parole, and such developments as house arrest and electronic surveillance. Special emphasis on the functions, strengths, and problems of community based programs. Formerly offered as CJUS 431.

CJUS 4435. Correctional Counseling. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3330 or equivalent. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 330
Examination of the history, theory, and practice of counseling services within the correctional setting. Topics include rehabilitation (research and application of findings), limitations of counseling, legal liabilities of counselors, and the integration of treatment with other correctional goals. Formerly offered as CJUS 435.

CJUS 4440. Police Administration. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3340 or equivalent. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 340 or equivalent
In-depth study of the administration and management of law enforcement agencies. Emphasis on organizational structure, functions, and behavioral processes. Formerly offered as CJUS 440.

CJUS 4441. Community Policing. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3340 or equivalent. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 340 or equivalent
Analysis of law enforcement strategies to secure cooperative police-community ventures aimed at enhancing community order and suppressing crime. Consideration of strategies designed to improve public relations. Formerly offered as CJUS 441.

CJUS 4451. Women and Crime. Units: 3

A critical study of women as offenders, victims, and workers within the criminal justice system. Satisfies GE Category D3; DI designation. Formerly offered as CJUS 451.

CJUS 4452. White Collar Crime. Units: 3

Definition, history, extent, causes, consequences, and enforcement methods regarding white-collar, occupational, corporate, and governmental crime. Formerly offered as CJUS 452.

CJUS 4453. Gangs. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a C- or better
Focus on gangs and the effects they have on society, including: historical development, recent trends, and review and evaluation of programs that attempt to prevent, intervene, and suppress gang activity. Formerly offered as CJUS 453.

CJUS 4455. Forensic Profiling. Units: 3

Forensic techniques used to aid legal authorities in identifying suspects and acquiring evidence toward solving crimes. Forensic profiles in various criminal justice components, such as law enforcement activities and jury selection. Formerly offered as CJUS 455.

CJUS 4460. Drugs and the Criminal Justice System. Units: 3

Study of the history and development of criminal justice policy concerning alcohol and illegal drugs; consideration of the manufacture, importation, distribution of illegal drugs; particular emphasis placed on the impact of alcohol and illegal drug use on communities and the criminal justice system. Formerly offered as CJUS 460.

CJUS 4462. Domestic Violence. Units: 3

Examination of violence in the family setting, including intimate partner violence, child abuse, and elder abuse. Topics include legal issues, criminal justice system response, and consequences for individuals, families, and the community. Formerly offered as CJUS 462.

CJUS 4465. Hate Crime, Law, and Policy. Units: 3

Analysis of the characteristics, prevalence, causes, and types of hate crimes in the United States. In addition, case law and statutes relating to hate crimes will be examined. Formerly offered as CJUS 465.

CJUS 4466. Justice and the Media. Units: 3

Examination of the relationship between criminal justice and the media, including consideration of the impact of the media on attitudes and perceptions of crime and criminals, the relationship of the media and crime control, and the impact of the media on the operations of the agencies in the criminal justice system. Formerly offered as CJUS 466.

CJUS 5504. Criminal Procedure. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3370
Examination of the rules governing criminal procedure. Impact of statutes and case law on criminal justice practitioners including the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 14th Amendments as they affect the accused, the convicted, and the employees working in the criminal justice system. Formerly offered as CJUS 3304.

CJUS 5506. Wildlife Crime. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: Junior status or higher
Crimes against wildlife are widespread, numerous and varied. They range from illegal trade, trapping and snaring, to poaching, injuring and killing. This course will provide an overview of the crimes committed against wildlife, with a special emphasis on the illegal trade of protected animals. Formally offered as a Topics course, CJUS 590D.

CJUS 5508. Preventing Crime in Transportation Systems. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: Junior status or higher
Transportation systems are critical to the movement of people and goods. This course will address safety and security challenges of transit settings, as well as ways to prevent crime in those environments. Formally offered as a Topics course, CJUS 590D.

CJUS 5550. Intelligence & Crime Analysis 2. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3311 and CJUS 3312 or equivalent and CJUS 3470. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 311 and CJUS 312 or equivalent and CJUS 470
Analysis of crime and intelligence data with current computer applications in order to assist criminal investigations, examine crime patterns, and resolve community crime problems. Analytical techniques include centrality and key player metrics, crime hotspots, telephone toll analysis, crime series investigation, forecasting, temporal analysis, and workload analysis. 3 hours lecture and 1 hour laboratory. Formerly offered as CJUS 550.

CJUS 5554. Terrorism. Units: 3

Characteristics and causes of terrorism emerging in the 21st century. An analysis from a criminal justice perspective of terror movements affecting the United States covering legal issues, investigations, and criminal profile. Formerly offered as CJUS 554.

CJUS 5555. Homeland Security. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: Junior status or higher
Examination of homeland security events including radiological, biological, and chemical events. Emphasis will be given to prevention, preparedness, and response. The roles of local, state, and federal agencies are examined. Formerly offered as CJUS 555.

CJUS 5556. Transnational Organized Crime. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 320
Overview of transnational crime, corruption and effects on the political, economic, and social development of countries around the world. Topics include international justice, drug trafficking, human trafficking, and war crimes. Formerly offered as CJUS 556.

CJUS 5560. Crime Pattern Detection. Units: 4

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3350 and CJUS 3470. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 550 and CJUS 570
Concepts and applications of geographic information systems and other technologies to investigate and predict spatial-temporal clusters of crimes and high risk places, as well as forecasting emerging crime problems. 3 hours lecture and 1 hour laboratory. Formerly offered as CJUS 560.

CJUS 5570. Crime in Public Spaces. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3311, CJUS 3470 & CJUS 3312. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 311
Field research on the interrelationship between the built urban environment and crime. Involvement in a community project to study public places that generate and attract crime in order to develop creative solutions. Formerly offered as CJUS 570.

CJUS 5571. Social Network Analysis. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3311, CJUS 3312, and CJUS 5550. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 550
Applied network analysis provides visual and statistical procedures for examining the structural integrity of criminal networks - transnational illicit markets, corporate interlock, terrorism, co-offending, and serial crime investigation. Analytic techniques covered include: centrality analysis, network fragmentation methods, egonets, affiliation networks, and advanced, multivariate modeling techniques. 2 hours lecture and 1 hour professional process activity. Formerly offered as CJUS 571.

CJUS 5580. Juvenile Justice. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better and Junior status or higher. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better
History and development of the juvenile justice system. Includes review of current patterns and theories of juvenile crime and policy. Formerly offered as CJUS 580.

CJUS 5585. Life Course Criminality. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better
Examination of factors influencing criminality across the life span from prenatal to elderly stages of life; emphasis on physiological, developmental, social and environmental factors. Formerly offered as CJUS 585.

CJUS 5596. Peer Advising in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Quarter Prerequisite: grade point average of 3
Theory, training, and practice in the basic knowledge, skills, and abilities involved in academic peer advising. Nine hours scheduled per week. A total of six units may be applied toward graduation, three units may be applied as an upper-division elective in the major. Graded credit/no credit. Consent of instructor and department approval. Formerly offered as CJUS 596.

CJUS 5597. Senior Honors Project. Units: 3

Original research in an area of criminal justice studies, culminating in a major research report receiving approval of the criminal justice faculty. Enrollment limited to students whose formal application for departmental honors is approved. Formerly offered as CJUS 597.

CJUS 5598. Integrative Studies in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3311 and CJUS 3320 with a grade of C- or better and completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements must be fulfilled, Limited to senior and graduate students. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 311 and CJUS 320 and completion of Pre-Criminal Justice requirements must be fulfilled
Overview and integration of major issues in criminal justice. Cannot be counted toward the MA in Criminal Justice; however, it is a prerequisite for graduate students who do not have a Bachelor's degree in Criminal Justice. Formerly offered as CJUS 598.

CJUS 5753. Internship in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: Consent of Internship Coordinator. Quarter Prerequisite: consent of internship coordinator
Supervised Criminal Justice related work and study in private or public organizations. Open only to Criminal Justice majors. Graded credit/no credit. Formerly offered as CJUS 575.

CJUS 5901. Topics in Criminal Justice. Unit: 1

Quarter Prerequisite: junior, senior or graduate standing
Special topics in criminal justice. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor as topics change. Formerly offered as CJUS 590A.

CJUS 5902. Topics in Criminal Justice. Units: 2

Quarter Prerequisite: junior, senior or graduate standing
Special topics in criminal justice. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor as topics change. Formerly offered as CJUS 590B.

CJUS 5903. Topics in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Quarter Prerequisite: junior, senior or graduate standing
Special topics in criminal justice. May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor as topics change. Formerly offered as CJUS 590C.

CJUS 5951. Independent Study. Unit: 1

Semester Prerequisite: A minimum overall grade point average of 3.0, consent of instructor and Department Chair's approval of a written proposal of a project submitted on a standard application filed in advance of the semester in which the course is to be taken
In-depth research into special topics concerned with the criminal justice system utilizing readings, library, and/or field research. May be repeated for credit for a total of six units; only three may be used in the major. Formerly offered as CJUS 595A.

CJUS 5952. Independent Study. Units: 2

Semester Prerequisite: A minimum overall grade point average of 3.0, consent of instructor and Department Chair's approval of a written proposal of a project submitted on a standard application filed in advance of the semester in which the course is to be taken
In-depth research into special topics concerned with the criminal justice system utilizing readings, library, and/or field research. May be repeated for credit for a total of six units; only three may be used in the major. Formerly offered as CJUS 595B.

CJUS 5953. Independent Study. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: A minimum overall grade point average of 3.0, consent of instructor and Department Chair's approval of a written proposal of a project submitted on a standard application filed in advance of the semester in which the course is to be taken. Quarter Prerequisite: a minimum overall grade point average of 3
In-depth research into special topics concerned with the criminal justice system utilizing readings, library, and/or field research. May be repeated for credit for a total of six units; only three may be used in the major. Formerly offered as CJUS 595C.

CJUS 6604. Advanced Techniques of Basic and Applied Research in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3311 or equivalent with a grade of B- or better. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 311 with a grade of B- or better or consent of instructor
Overview and application of the scientific method in the study of crime and criminal justice. Formerly offered as CJUS 604.

CJUS 6605. Proseminar in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Overview of contemporary research and literature across the criminal justice field. Topics will include current writings and research on crime, police, courts, and corrections. Formerly offered as CJUS 605.

CJUS 6606. Statistical Analysis in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 3312 or equivalent with a grade of B- or better. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 312 with a grade of B- or better or consent of instructor
Quantitative analytical techniques for criminal justice data. Emphasis will be placed on using and interpreting nonparametric and multivariate statistics. Formerly offered as CJUS 606.

CJUS 6607. Applying Criminological Theory to Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Analysis of social, behavioral, and biochemical theories of crime, delinquency and victimization as they apply to criminal justice policy decisions. Examination of pertinent theoretical research and critique of theory formation. Formerly offered as CJUS 607.

CJUS 6608. Crime, Criminals and Victims. Units: 3

Relationships between general crime trends and emerging patterns of criminal activity, and the composition of the offender and victim populations. Formerly offered as CJUS 608.

CJUS 6629. Race, Class, & Gender in the Criminal Justice System. Units: 3

Roles and treatment of minority populations within the criminal justice system, including historical background, offender issues, current problems, needs and future directions. Formerly offered as CJUS 629.

CJUS 6630. Legal Issues in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Analysis of public policy relating to criminal justice and individual liberties along with an examination of case law in the areas of general civil liability, constitutional rights, and administrative and management practices. Formerly offered as CJUS 630.

CJUS 6631. Seminar in Corrections. Units: 3

Exploration of topics in correctional administration including: public opinion, civil rights, court intervention, system reform, and the management of correctional personnel. Formerly offered as CJUS 631.

CJUS 6632. Seminar in Policing. Units: 3

Exploration of policing topics with an emphasis on evidence-based policing research which evaluates the effectiveness of police practices in reducing crime, disorder, and maintaining citizen satisfaction. Formerly offered as CJUS 632.

CJUS 6640. Justice Policy and Administration. Units: 3

Legal, philosophical, political, and management influences that shape criminal justice policy. Focus on organization management principles and leadership and human resource development as they apply to the justice system. Formerly offered as CJUS 640.

CJUS 6641. Planning and Evaluation in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: CJUS 6604 AND CJUS 6606. Quarter Prerequisite: CJUS 604 and CJUS 606
Focus on program planning and evaluation, as conducted by executives, managers, and planning oversight agencies. Course examines case studies and traditional evaluation designs including evaluating/assessing policies and programs, sampling techniques, and overviews of data collection techniques and statistical analysis. Formerly offered as CJUS 641.

CJUS 6651. Directed Area Studies in Criminal Justice. Unit: 1

Quarter Prerequisite: consent of instructor
Advanced study in a specific area selected by the student with the approval of the supervising faculty. May be repeated twice for a maximum of 2 units. Formerly offered as CJUS 650A.

CJUS 6652. Directed Area Studies in Criminal Justice. Units: 2

Quarter Prerequisite: consent of instructor
Advanced study in a specific area selected by the student with the approval of supervising faculty. May be repeated twice for a maximum of 4 units. Formerly offered as CJUS 650B.

CJUS 6653. Directed Area Studies in Criminal Justice. Units: 3

Quarter Prerequisite: consent of instructor
Advanced study in a specific area selected by the student with the approval of the supervising faculty. May be repeated twice for a maximum of 6 units. Formerly offered as CJUS 650C.

CJUS 6686. Graduate Review in Criminal Justice. Unit: 1

Semester Prerequisite: Advancement to Candidacy and consent of program Graduate Coordinator. Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy
Assessment of graduate student knowledge and understanding of criminal justice theory and practice. Required of all graduate students in the Criminal Justice Master's Program. Department consent required. Graded credit/no credit. Formerly offered as CJUS 686.

CJUS 6971. Thesis I. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: Advancement to candidacy, approval of department, completion of course work in the master's program, and in good academic standing. Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy
Preparation of the thesis for the Master of Arts in Criminal Justice under the direction of a faculty member from the student's committee. CJUS 6972 must be completed before credit will be awarded for 6971. Department consent required. Graded credit/no credit. Formerly offered as CJUS 699A.

CJUS 6972. Thesis II. Units: 3

Semester Prerequisite: Successful completion of CJUS 6971 and consent from the instructor
Preparation of the thesis for the Master of Arts in Criminal Justice under the direction of a faculty member from the student's committee. CJUS 6972 must be completed before credit will be awarded for 6971. Department consent required. Graded credit/no credit. Formerly offered as CJUS 699B.

CJUS 6980. Comprehensive Examination. Units: 0

Semester Prerequisite: Advancement to candidacy, approval of department, completion of course work in the masters program, and in good academic standing. Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy, approval of department, completion of course work in the masters program, and in good academic standing
An assessment of the students ability to integrate the knowledge of the area, show critical and independent thinking and demonstrate mastery of the subject matter. Department consent required. Formerly offered as CJUS 999.

CJUS 6990. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing. Units: 0

Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy and approval of program graduate coordinator or, if an interdisciplinary studies major, consent of the Dean of Graduate Studies
Independent study leading to completion of requirements (other than course work) for the master's degree. To retain classified standing in the master's program, a student must enroll in a Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing course each quarter until the project or thesis is accepted or the comprehensive examination passed. Students who enroll through the university have full use of all university facilities. See Culminating Experience: Exam, Thesis, or Project in Graduate Degree and Program Requirements section of the Bulletin of Courses. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing is a variable unit course, see fee schedule in the Financial Information section of the Bulletin of Courses. Earned units are not degree-applicable nor will they qualify for financial aid.

CJUS 6991. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing. Unit: 1

Quarter Prerequisite: Advancement to candidacy and approval of program graduate coordinator or, if an interdisciplinary studies major, consent of the Dean of Graduate Studies
Independent study leading to completion of requirements (other than course work) for the master's degree. To retain classified standing in the master's program, a student must enroll in a Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing course each quarter until the project or thesis is accepted or the comprehensive examination passed. Students who enroll through the university have full use of all university facilities. See Culminating Experience: Exam, Thesis, or Project in Graduate Degree and Program Requirements section of the Bulletin of Courses. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing is a variable unit course, see fee schedule in the Financial Information section of the Bulletin of Courses. Earned units are not degree-applicable nor will they qualify for financial aid.

CJUS 6992. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing. Units: 2

Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy and approval of program graduate coordinator or, if an interdisciplinary studies major, consent of the Dean of Graduate Studies
Independent study leading to completion of requirements (other than course work) for the master's degree. To retain classified standing in the master's program, a student must enroll in a Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing course each quarter until the project or thesis is accepted or the comprehensive examination passed. Students who enroll through the university have full use of all university facilities. See Culminating Experience: Exam, Thesis, or Project in Graduate Degree and Program Requirements section of the Bulletin of Courses. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing is a variable unit course, see fee schedule in the Financial Information section of the Bulletin of Courses. Earned units are not degree-applicable nor will they qualify for financial aid.

CJUS 6993. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing. Units: 3

Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy and approval of program graduate coordinator or, if an interdisciplinary studies major, consent of the Dean of Graduate Studies
Independent study leading to completion of requirements (other than course work) for the master's degree. To retain classified standing in the master's program, a student must enroll in a Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing course each quarter until the project or thesis is accepted or the comprehensive examination passed. Students who enroll through the university have full use of all university facilities. See Culminating Experience: Exam, Thesis, or Project in Graduate Degree and Program Requirements section of the Bulletin of Courses. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing is a variable unit course, see fee schedule in the Financial Information section of the Bulletin of Courses. Earned units are not degree-applicable nor will they qualify for financial aid.

CJUS 6994. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing. Units: 4

Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy and approval of program graduate coordinator or, if an interdisciplinary studies major, consent of the Dean of Graduate Studies
Independent study leading to completion of requirements (other than course work) for the master's degree. To retain classified standing in the master's program, a student must enroll in a Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing course each quarter until the project or thesis is accepted or the comprehensive examination passed. Students who enroll through the university have full use of all university facilities. See Culminating Experience: Exam, Thesis, or Project in Graduate Degree and Program Requirements section of the Bulletin of Courses. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing is a variable unit course, see fee schedule in the Financial Information section of the Bulletin of Courses. Earned units are not degree-applicable nor will they qualify for financial aid.

CJUS 6995. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing. Units: 5

Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy and approval of program graduate coordinator or, if an interdisciplinary studies major, consent of the Dean of Graduate Studies
Independent study leading to completion of requirements (other than course work) for the master's degree. To retain classified standing in the master's program, a student must enroll in a Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing course each quarter until the project or thesis is accepted or the comprehensive examination passed. Students who enroll through the university have full use of all university facilities. See Culminating Experience: Exam, Thesis, or Project in Graduate Degree and Program Requirements section of the Bulletin of Courses. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing is a variable unit course, see fee schedule in the Financial Information section of the Bulletin of Courses. Earned units are not degree-applicable nor will they qualify for financial aid.

CJUS 6996. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing. Units: 6

Quarter Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy and approval of program graduate coordinator or, if an interdisciplinary studies major, consent of the Dean of Graduate Studies
Independent study leading to completion of requirements (other than course work) for the master's degree. To retain classified standing in the master's program, a student must enroll in a Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing course each quarter until the project or thesis is accepted or the comprehensive examination passed. Students who enroll through the university have full use of all university facilities. See Culminating Experience: Exam, Thesis, or Project in Graduate Degree and Program Requirements section of the Bulletin of Courses. Continuous Enrollment for Graduate Candidacy Standing is a variable unit course, see fee schedule in the Financial Information section of the Bulletin of Courses. Earned units are not degree-applicable nor will they qualify for financial aid.